Each of the positions of the actors interacting in a specific scene is referred to as a status, which is shown as a positional relationship by being compared with the coordinates in space. American cultural anthropologist Linton ( 1893-1953) divides his status into the ascribed status and an acquired status.
The attributional status is a status based on the status inherited in society and is attributed to an individual at the time of birth or a certain age. This includes gender, age, parents and children, brothers and sisters, etc.
On the other hand, the acquired position is a position that is built up by individual efforts and competitions, and it corresponds to a job position obtained through the efforts of the individual. It takes some talent, knowledge and skills to occupy it. Many professionals and freelance professionals (lawyers, doctors, athletes, etc.) in modern society can be considered to have acquired positions based on their motivated achievement motives. And, the behavioural patterns that are given to the positions assigned by these societies and groups, expected to interact with other actors, obliged, and learned are called roles.
The role is a concept that gives concreteness to the position and grasps the dynamic functional aspect corresponding to the position.
Expecting a person who has a role to perform a specific action is called role expectations.
To adapt to a specific interaction situation, a behavioural phenomenon suitable for one’s position is properly learned, and a learning phenomenon that puts it into action according to one’s membership is called role-taking. It is at an intermediate stage between role perception and role enactment, and the actor takes concretely the society into himself and further devises his way of realizing it. He is involved in the issues of ego formation and independence.
A conflict due to contradictory expectations that arises between multiple roles that a person has at the same time, which is difficult for the person who plays the role to process independently, is called a role conflict. For example, this can happen to a married female worker who is at the mercy of home and work or a marginal man who struggles between two different societies.